First: There are two types of diarrhea: the small intestine diarrhea and the large intestine diarrhea. It is important to know and be able to distinguish between the two types, as the therapy is different.
The small intestine diarrhea
In the final intestine the food is digested, i.e. the food components are absorbed via the intestinal wall. If this no longer works properly, a larger amount of undigested food is passed on to the large intestine and leads to problems there. Suddenly, there are carbohydrates, proteins and fats that normally do not get into the large intestine – at least not in this abundance. The result is that the undigested carbohydrates bind water, which the colon should actually absorb. And already there is diarrhea in the cat.
In addition, in the intestinal flora the undigested food is suddenly used to feed intestinal bacteria that previously had a rather shadowy existence because they usually lacked food. But now there are proteins on which gas bubbles can feed, which we then notice as flatulance. Small intestine diarrhea can be recognized by undigested food residues in the feces. The feces can also appear lighter than usual due to the undigested fats. Digested blood admixtures from the small intestine, on the other hand, show up in the feces black. Dangerous in small bowel diarrhea in a cat is the nutrition, as not all important nutrients can be absorbed from the food. In the longer term, this leads to the emaciation of the cat!
The large intestine diarrhea
With large intestine diarrhea the water recirculation mechanism is disturbed, i.e. the water in the intestine can no longer be completely absorbed and simply comes out as diarrhea. Here, the risk of dehydration is not insignificant, since the water is no longer absorbed by the body. This type of diarrhea in a cat can be recognized by the fact that a lot of water is excreted, but no undigested food residues. In the case of bleeding in the large intestine, the blood in the feces would be clearly recognized as red, often you can also see clear mucus admixtures.
"What should I do if my cat has diarrhea?"
We are often asked this in our consultations. In addition to a veterinary examination, clarification and, if necessary, drug therapy, it is important to support the intestines with easily digestible food: special blend diet food for cats with gastrointestinal problems. What works with such a special food is the exact adherence to targeted amounts of nutrients, which are important to replenish your cat's reserves if she suffers from diarrhea. Therefore, a blend diet for cats should be easy to digest, have a low fat content, a moderate protein content and a high electrolyte content to absorb the losses caused by the diarrhea. At the same time, it is important that it is a complete food so that your cat gets all the nutrients in the long run.
Blend-diet for cats - there are various on the market
There is blend-diet as dry food or blend-diet as wet food. In the case of gastrointestinal problems, we recommend blend diet as wet food, as this provides the body with fluid with the food. Since cats tend to drink little in terms of developmental history, wet food therefore makes sense.
In order to be able to offer you a high-quality blend diet for your cat, we have designed our pro-BLEND-DIET for cats
. The slim formula is composed of easily digestible raw materials: 70% salmon, healing earth and dandelion. It has a moderate protein content, low in fat and many electrolytes. The dandelion helps to deflate the gastrointestinal tract and can have an appetite-stimulating effect. Often the cats plagued by diarrhea lack the appetite because they are simply nauseous. Who likes to eat there?
Home remedies for diarrhea in cats?
Often we are asked in the consultations about home remedies for diarrhea in cats and what we think of it. In principle, any diarrhea that causes problems for the cat should be clarified at the veterinarian. These include, for example, diarrhea with poor general condition, fever, dehydration, abdominal pain, persistent diarrhea. Only if a cat is doing well despite diarrhea from the general condition and the common causes have been clarified (e.g. worm infestation), you can even think about a home remedy.
In 1st place is the feeding of blend diet
. Either you reach for a special food
against diarrhea such as our pro-BLEND-DIET
or you cook the cat chicken meat
. A special feed has the advantage that the nutrient contents are precisely tailored to the respective nutritional purpose and all vitamins and minerals are contained in a need-covering quantity. This is not the case with a home-cooked light food and it can only be recommended over a short period of time. Moro's carrot soup, grated apples, healing earth preparations, psyllium husks, which can be used, for example in dogs, are usually not eaten by cats and do not meet the nutritional needs of cats as pure carnivores.
It is definitely important that the cat always has access to fresh water. The blend diet should be given to your cat more times daily and room warm. This also protects the gastrointestinal tract.
We wish every diarrhea-plagued cat a good recovery from the bottom of our hearts!
And if you have any further questions on this topic, please feel free to contact us at any time at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Your Veterinarian Dr. Stefanie Berg